Camel milk contains substances with antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal action – lactoferrin, Lactoperoxidase, Lysozyme and peptidoglycan-recognizable protein. Due to them, the camel milk suppresses the growth of pathogenic bacteria (E. coli, Clostridium and others), viruses (rotavirus and others) and fungi (Candida albicans).
Camel milk also contains large quantities of highly active antibodies, having a therapeutic effect upon taking. This effect is a result of their unique structure – the camel antibodies consist entirely of heavy chains, unlike most animal antibodies and human antibodies, which contain also light chains. Camel antibodies are approximately 10 times smaller than human antibodies, which allows a large amount of them to pass in the milk, being extremely active. In particular, high concentrations of antibodies against rotaviruses, have been found in the camel milk.
Camel milk improves the condition of people with type I and type II diabetes because:
- It contains insulin-like protein, wrapped in small lipid bubbles, which prevent stomach acid and digestive enzymes from breaking down and transferring it through the intestinal mucosa to the bloodstream.
- Is rich in zinc, which supports the action of the insulin.
- Increases the sensitivity of organs to insulin.
- Improves the functioning of pancreatic cells
Camel milk is significantly poorer of lactose than cow’s milk and is a suitable substitute for cow’s milk for people with lactose intolerance.
Camel milk has a low level of cholesterol.
Camel milk contains a high amount of minerals -sodium, potassium, iron, copper, zinc and magnesium, as well as vitamin C. The amounts of niacin (vitamin B3) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the camel milk are higher than in the cows’ milk.
Camel milk does not contain beta-lactoglobulin, considered responsible for the allergy to cow’s milk. Therefore camel milk is suitable for people with such allergy.
Studies on animals have found that camel milk reduces the harmful effects of aluminium and cadmium in the body.